Immanuel Kant (1724-1804) was a German scсехшсяш and philosopher who laid the foundations of German classical idealism. His main philosophical doctrine is transcendental idealism. In 1781 his fundamental philosophical work Critique of Pure Reason was published, and later Critique of Practical Reason (1788) and Critique of Judgment (1790). In them he developed the concepts related to the transcendental theory of knowledge, ethics, aesthetics, expediency in nature, etc. With his ideas, Kant contributed to the development not only of philosophical but also of social and humanitarian knowledge. Every year many publications related to this philosophical system are published around the world.